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Home > GST > Help Center >Understand on Casual Persons & Non Resident Persons Last Updated: Dec 09th 2023

Understand Casual Persons and Non Resident Persons Under GST

There are different types of taxpayers under GST. Some of them are Regular GST taxpayers, Composition taxpayers, Casual taxable persons, Non Resident Taxable persons, e commerce taxpayers etc.

Casual Persons and Non Resident Persons Under GST

This document covers

  1. Casual Taxable Persons (CTP)
  2. Non-Resident Taxable persons(NRTP)
  3. Registration procedure
  4. Returns
  5. Refunds

1. Casual Taxable Persons (CTP)

  • Casual Taxable Person means a person who occasionally undertakes transactions involving supply of goods or services or both in further course of business in a State or Union Territory where has no fixed place of business.
  • There may be a situation where the taxpayer is having GST in 1 state but he might want to supply goods or services or both from another state where he don’t have any fixed place of business. In this case, he can register as casual taxable person
  • Example:
    Balaram Enterprises is having fixed place of business in Bangalore, and they have registered under GST in Karnataka. Balarama enterprises wants to participate in Numaish exhibition in Hyderabad for 45 days and they don’t have any fixed place of business in Hyderabad, Telangana. In this case, Balaram enterprises can register as casual taxable person
  • Casual Taxable persons cannot opt to pay tax under composition scheme

2. Non-Resident Taxable persons(NRTP)

  • Non-Resident taxable person means a person who occasionally undertakes involving supply of goods or services or both but who has no fixed place of business or residence in India
  • Example:
    Mr James who is a citizen of United Kingdom wants to sell some Specialized items in India but he doesn’t have any residence or business place in India. In this cases, Mr James needs to register as Non Resident taxable Person
  • Non-Resident taxable person cannot opt to pay tax under composition scheme

3. Registration procedure

  1. Threshold Limit : Casual taxable Person and Non-Resident Taxable persons are required get registered under GST irrespective of Threshold limit
  2. Due date of Registration : CTP and NRTP’s are required to get registered under GST atleast 5 days prior to commencement of business.
  3. Period of Validity of GST registration : Registration granted for CTP or NRTP is valid for
    1. Period specified in the registration application or
    2. 90 days from the effective date of registration (can be extended further) Whichever is earlier.
  4. Advance deposit of tax :
    1. CTP or NRTP are required to deposit advance tax (GST) which is equivalent to the estimated tax liability for the period of registration.
    2. CTP/NRTP will get the Temporary Reference Number (TRN) for making payment of GST and it will be credited to his electronic cash ledger.
    3. An acknowledgement of receipt of application for registration is issued only after making advance payment of GST
    4. Advance deposit of GST should be calculated by considering the ITC available for such period.
    5. NOTE:
      NRTP’s cannot claim Input Tax Credit on any other goods/services except on Import of Goods by him whereas CTP’s can claim all ITC
  5. Type of Registration :
    1. Casual Taxable person Registration is a PAN based Registration and it will be done like normal registration.
    2. Non-Resident Taxable Person generally don’t have PAN of India. Hence, he is required to submit self-attested copy of passport along with the application signed by his authorized signatory who is a resident of India having valid PAN.
In case of long running exhibitions (for a period of more than 180 days), the taxable person cannot be treated as Casual taxable persons. They need to register under Regular GST. While applying regular GST, the allotment letter granting him permission to use the premises of exhibition needs to be uploaded as proof for principal place of business.

For Comprehensive Understanding, refer at @ Registration process of GST

4. Returns

  1. Casual Taxable Person : Casual Taxable Persons are required to file GSTR 1 (11th of next month) and GSTR 3B(20th of next month) on monthly basis
  2. Non Resident Taxable Persons : NRTP’s are required to file GSTR-5 for every month. The due date for filing GSTR-5 is 20 days after the end of calendar month or within 7 days after the last day of validity period which ever is earlier
CTP’s or NRTP’s are not required to file Annual Returns

5. Refunds

  1. CTP/NRTP’s are required to claim refund of any excess paid tax in the last return required to be furnished by them
  2. CTP/NRTP’s are required to file all the returns before filing for refund application.

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Disclaimer: This article provides an overview and general guidance, not exhaustive for brevity. Please refer Income Tax Act, GST Act, Companies Act and other tax compliance acts, Rules, and Notifications for details.