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Home > GST > Help Center > Sample Rental AgreementLast Updated: Dec 11th 2023

Sample Rental Agreement & Important things to consider

Rental agreement is an important supporting document for business registrations and to be used to protect the rights of tenant and a landlord. Beyond its commercial use, used for residential dwellings like apartments, houses, villas, farm houses. Know more on the important things to keep in mind along with a sample rental agreement

Sample Rental Agreement & Important things to consider

This document covers

  1. What is a Rental Agreement
  2. Contents
  3. Uses
  4. Validity
  5. Sample Rental Agreement
  6. Frequent Questions

1. What is a Rental Agreement

A rental agreement is a "contract of rental" usually written between the landlord of the property (Owner) and the tenant of the property. Rental Agreement contains the pre-discussed terms and conditions under which the property is rented out between the landlord and tenant. The rental agreement can be for residential or commercial purpose.

The person who owns the property is known as "landlord" (or owner) and the person who takes on rent is known as "tenant".

2. Contents of Rental Agreement

Generally the rental agreement needs to be written on stamp paper and it contains the following information

  1. Name and address of the owner
  2. Name and address of the tenant
  3. Address of the property rented
  4. Duration of the rental agreement
  5. Amount of Rent and due date of rent payment
  6. Payment of Security deposit, Common Area Maintenance, electricity charges, water charges etc
  7. Mode of payment of Rent
  8. Any other rules and regulation as discussed between the landlord and tenant

3. Uses

  1. For Employees/taxpayers: To claim the HRA deduction in Income Tax, employees need to furnish rental agreement to their employer’s. Hence employees need to furnish the correct rental agreement to claim the HRA deduction
  2. For Business: To incorporate any business (Proprietorship/Firm/LLP/Private limited companies), rental agreement is mandatory between the landlord and tenant. Rental Agreement is used as proof of address for any kind of registrations along with other documents
  3. For Others: It gives Peace of Mind and it will help in avoiding disputes in the future by making rental agreements. It will also serve as address proof

4. Validity

Generally, the rental agreement is made for 11 months. It needs to be printed on a stamp paper applicable as per state laws. Also needs to be properly signed by Landlord and Tenant along with 2 witness signatures with their full names and addresses.

5. Sample Rental Agreement

Generally the rental agreement needs to be written on stamp paper and notarised by a registered notary.

Download the sample rental agreement from below, copy and paste in to MS Word or Google Docs or Apple Pages or MS wordpad or notepad any other text editor and leave 3 inch space at the beginning of the document to use for stamps and notary signatures.

6. Frequently Asked Questions

1. Why the rental agreement should be made for 11 months?

Registration of rental agreement is not required if it is made for 11 months. If the duration of rental agreement exceeds 12 months, it needs to be registered with the state authorities and stamp duty, registration charges required to be paid. Hence to avoid the formalities of registration, rental agreement is made for 11 months.

Registration of the rental agreement is very important if it's meant for commercial purpose.

2. Is Rental agreements mandatory for any business registration like GST?

If the property is on rent, rental agreement is mandatory for any kind of registrations like GST. Rental Agreements are mandatory for Private Limited, LLP, Firm registration etc.

If the property is on your name or any of your partner / director name, and the end use of the property is for a business, instead of rental agreement, one need to have a no objection certificate to use the premises for business purpose.

3. Is the rental agreement required to be notarized?

It is not mandatory to notarize the rental agreement unless if there is any specific requirement from the registration authorities. Generally rental agreement printed on stamp paper serves the purpose.

4. What is Security Deposit?

Security Deposit is the amount that a tenant pays to the landlord at the start of tenancy. Security Deposits starts from minimum 2 months rent to rent of whole year depending on the locality. The landlord can either adjust the security deposit against the damages or arrears of the rent or refund to tenant at the end of tenancy.

How to get help from

Disclaimer: This article provides an overview and general guidance, not exhaustive for brevity. Please refer Income Tax Act, GST Act, Companies Act and other tax compliance acts, Rules, and Notifications for details.