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Home > Income Tax > Help Center > Form-16 HelpLast Updated: Dec 28th 2023

Understanding Form-16

Form-16 both Part-A and Part-B explained in detail. Every employee should understand this form for potential savings and knowing their Gross Total Income (GTI)

Understanding Form-16

This document covers

  1. What is Form 16?
  2. Explaining Form 16?

1. What is Form 16?

Income Tax Form-16 is a certificate from your employer. It certifies that TDS has been deducted on your salary by the employer. If an employer deducts TDS on salary, he must issue income tax Form-16 as per tax rules of India. Form-16 is issued once in a year, on or before 31st May of the next year immediately following the financial year in which tax is deducted.

2. Explaining Form 16

In India, one of the most important income tax form is Form-16. It contain most of the information you need to prepare your income tax return in India. Form-16 has two parts Part A, and Part B.

Form-16 Part A has

  1. Name and address of the employer.
  2. TAN & PAN of Employer.
  3. PAN of the employee.
  4. Summary of total amount paid and tax deducted & deposited quarterly, which is certified by the employer.
  5. Assessment Year.
  6. Period of employment with the employer.
  7. Form 16 Part A must be generated and downloaded through Traces portal.
  8. Part A of the Form 16 also has a unique TDS Certificate Number.

Form-16 Part B has

  1. Opted for Old Regime or New Regime
  2. Gross Salary and the breakup of allowances.
  3. Deductions allowed under the income tax act (under chapter VIA).
  4. Relief under section 89.
  5. Total tax Payable, TDS deducted and Refund if any
  6. If you have held more than one job during the year, you may have more than one Form-16.
  7. Form 16 Part B must be generated and downloaded through Traces portal. (Are you an employer? If you are an employer, file your TDS Return through

Sample Form-16

A sample Form-16 highlighted with the important amounts that may need to be used for income tax filing.

Form-16 Sample

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Disclaimer: This article provides an overview and general guidance, not exhaustive for brevity. Please refer Income Tax Act, GST Act, Companies Act and other tax compliance acts, Rules, and Notifications for details.