Home > Income Tax > Help Center > Agriculture Land as Capital Asset Last Updated: Nov 15th 2022

When to consider Agriculture Land as Capital Asset?

Most believe the sale of agriculture land is exempt from capital gains tax, but not all agriculture lands are same from the taxation perspective. Know more on when to consider agriculture land as a capital asset and other practical cases to consider

Agriculture Land

Agriculture Definition

Agriculture is the primary occupation of most of the people in India. The term ‘Agriculture’ was not defined by Income Tax Act. Generally, cultivation of field involving human skill and labour on the land can be broadly termed as agriculture.

Income from agriculture might come from the rent or sale of land, cultivation, or farming etc


Capital Asset Definition

As per the Income Tax Act, property of any kind held by any person whether or not connected with his business or profession is a capital asset.


Types of Agriculture Lands? When to consider as Capital Asset?

Agriculture lands are of 2 types i.e., Rural Agriculture land and Urban Agriculture land. The taxation differs depends on the type of land

  1. Rural Agriculture Land: Rural agricultural lands in India are excluded from Capital Asset.
  2. Urban Agriculture Land: Urban Agriculture lands in India comes under the definition of Capital Asset

1. Rural Agriculture Land:

  1. Rural Agricultural Land in India means an agriculture land in India which is not situated in any specified area
  2. There is NO capital gain tax on Sale of Rural agriculture land

Note:We need to check with Municipal office nearest to location of land whether the land falls under Rural Area or urban area.

IMPORTANT
Irrespective of whether the land is a capital asset or not, one must file their taxes and include such sale value either taxable or exempt to avoid future queries from IT Department.

2. Urban Agriculture Land:

  1. Urban Agriculture land means the agriculture land
    • Situated in any area within the jurisdiction of municipality or cantonment board having population of not less than 10,000 OR
    • Situated in any area within such distance, measured aerially, in relation to the range of population as shown below

    Distance
    Shortest Aerial distance from the local limits of a municipality or cantonment board
    Population
    Population according to latest census
    ≤ 2Kms > 10000
    > 2Kms but ≤ 6 Kms > 1,00,000
    > 6 Kms but ≤ 8 Kms > 10,00,000
  2. Taxability: Sale of Urban Agriculture land is taxable under the head "capital gains"
  3. Rate of Tax:
    1. If the Urban agriculture land is sold after 2 years of purchase, it is classified as long term and taxable @ 20%.
    2. If the Urban agriculture land is sold before 2 years of purchase, it is classified as Short term and taxable @ 30%
  4. Reinvestment for Tax saving: If the Individual or HUF has sold Urban Agriculture land which was used for agriculture in the previous 2 years preceding the date of transfer , The taxpayer can invest either in rural or urban agriculture land within 2 years from the date of sale

Taxability of Agriculture Land located outside India

The Agriculture Land which is located outside India is always a Capital Asset and sale of Foreign Agriculture Land is taxable under the head “Capital Gains”


Compulsory acquisition of agriculture land

Compulsory acquisition means the Government’s power to acquire the rights in land for development.

  1. Compulsory acquisition of Rural Agriculture land: As the Rural Agriculture land does not comes under the definition of capital asset, the proceeds from compulsory acquisition of rural agriculture land is not taxable.
  2. Compulsory acquisition of Urban Agriculture land: Compensation or enhanced compensation received from compulsory acquisition of urban agriculture land is exempted from tax only if such land is used for agriculture purposes during the previous 2 years preceding the date of transfer. It is covered u/s 10(37)

Taxability of Compensation received under RFCTLARR Act, 2013

RFCTLARR stands for 'Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement' Act


TDS on Sale or Purchase of Agriculture land

No TDS is required to be deducted on purchase of Agriculture land (urban or rural) of value more than Rs 50 lakhs


Purchase of Agriculture land by NRI

NRI’s cannot purchase agriculture land , farm houses or plantation properties. If NRI wants to purchase agricultural land in India, they needs to obtain permission from RBI.

Note : If the NRI purchased the agriculture land before he becomes the NRI, he can hold them



Our Tax Services

Online Income Tax Filing Time: ~7 mins
  • Comprehensive & Accurate > No limits.
  • Highly Secure > Peace of mind.
  • Maximum Deductions > Save on Taxes.
  • No more visits to Tax Consultants > Save Time & Money.
  • Real-time Tax Calculation
  • Available in both Web Browser & Mobile App

Start Now

GST Accounting Software Price: FREE for 1st year in India  refer pricing for other countries such as India, Australia, Malaysia, Nepal, Pakistan, Singapore, Sri Lanka, & UK

Easiest GST ready Accounting software

  • GST Compliant Invoicing
  • Online - Highly available
  • Quick Onboarding - Import your data from legacy
  • Personalization - Highly customized Invoicing
  • Drafts > Estimates > POs > Delivery Challans > Invoices > CR/DR Notes > RCs & All.
  • Barcode scanner Integration
  • Amazon, Flipkart Imports
  • Individual, or Bulk Payments - just a Click away
  • Multiple users can Book / Bill at the same time
  • Quick Invoicing, Auto Delivery, & Reminders
  • Multi-Channel GST returns preparation
  • Customized for Regular and Composition
  • AI Data Insights
  • AI Prioritization
  • AI Alerts
  • Expenses & Purchases
  • Real Time P & L
  • Barcode Scanner, e-Way Bill Integration
  • Excellent User Experience
  • Easy to understand language
  • Artificial Intelligence enablement
  • above all, Count on our Outstanding Client Service

Start NowLearn more
Tax Expert Services Price: Rs.599 onwards

GST
  • Affordable Tax Services for Businesses, Associations, Individuals
  • GST Registration
  • GST Return Filing
  • GST Accounting
  • GST Consultation
  • Notice Handling
Income Tax
  • Income Tax Return Filing for Businesses, Associations, Individuals
  • Tax Savings
  • TDS Preparation
  • General Tax Compliance
  • Investment Advisory
  • Capital Gains Consultation
  • Tax Planning
  • Notice Handling
Virtual Accounting
  • Complete Accounting for Businesses, Associations, Individuals
  • Compliance & Accounting Portal Access for easy monitoring
  • Accounting Advisory
  • Tax Savings
  • GST, Income Tax, TDS, General Tax Compliance
  • Business Planning

Contact Now   WhatsApp Now


How to get help from EZTax.in