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Home > Income Tax > Help Center > FAQs Taxes PaidLast Updated: Dec 06th 2023

TDS, TCS, Advance, Self assessment Tax FAQs

Comprehensive FAQs on Income Tax payments including Tax Deducted at Source (TDS), Tax Collected at Source (TCS), Self Assessment Tax, Advance Tax, and their rates, due dates.

TDS, TCS, Advance, Self assessment Tax FAQs

Understand Taxes Paid by you against your Income

1.What is the period for which a person’s income is taken into account for purpose of Income Tax ?

Income earned in the twelve months contained in the period from 1st April to 31st March (commonly called Financial Year [FY]) is taken into account for purposes of calculating Income Tax. Under the income tax Act this period is called a previous year.

2.How does the Government collect Income Tax ?

Taxes are collected by three means: a) voluntary payment by persons into various designated Banks. For example Advance Tax and Self-Assessment Tax. b) Taxes deducted at source [TDS] on your behalf from the payments receivable by you. c) Taxes collected at source [TCS] on your behalf at the time of spending. It is the constitutional obligation of every person earning income to compute his income and pay taxes correctly

3.What is TDS ?

TDS means ‘Tax Deducted at Source’. TDS is one of the modes of collection of taxes, by which a certain percentage of amount is deducted by a person at the time of making / crediting certain specific nature of payment to the other person and deducted amount is remitted to the Government Account.

4.What is the difference between TDS and TCS ?


TDS or Tax Deducted at Source is a mechanism where the payer deducts a certain portion of the payment as tax of the receiver and deposits the same with the government. For example: A provides technical services to B for 50,000 INR,B is liable to deduct TDS @ 10%, i.e 5,000 INR and A receives 45,000 INR


TCS or Tax Collected at Source is a mechanism where the receiver extracts a certain amount as tax of the payer and deposits the same with the government For example is selling a Motor Car worth 12 Lakhs,A is liable to collect TCS @ 1% on the sale consideration and deposit the same with Govt.B pays 12.12 Lakhs (12 Lakhs + 1%)

5.What is meant by advance Tax ?

Advance tax refers to paying a part of your taxes before the end of the financial year. Also called ‘pay-as-you-earn’ scheme, advance tax is the income tax payable if your tax liability is more than Rs. 10,000 in a financial year. It should be paid in the year in which the income is received.

6.What are due dates for Advance Tax ?

For assesse other than Companies

Due Date of InstalmentAmount Payable
On or before 15th SeptemberNot less than 30% of the advance tax liability
On or before 15th December Not less than 60% of the advance tax liability
On or before 15th March 100% of the advance tax liability

For Companies

Due Date of InstalmentAmount Payable
On or before 15th JuneNot less than 15% of the advance tax liability
On or before 15th SeptemberNot less than 45% of the advance tax liability
On or before 15th DecemberNot less than 75% of the advance tax liability
On or before 15th March100% of the advance tax liability
7.If you miss the deadline ?

If you fail to pay or the amount you’ve paid is less than the mandated 30% of the total liability by the first deadline (15 September), you will need to pay an interest. This is computed @ 1% simple interest per month on the defaulted amount for three months.

The same interest penalty would apply if you fail to pay the second deadline (15 December). Failing to pay the third and last deadline (15 March) would mean paying 1% simple interest on the defaulted amount for every month until the tax is fully paid

8.What if advance tax paid is more than required ?

If the amount paid as advance tax is higher than the total tax liability, the assesse will receive the excess amount as a refund. Interest @ 6% per annum will be paid by the Income Tax department to the assesse on the excess amount if the amount is more than 10% of tax liability.

9.What if advance tax is not paid within due date ?

If advance tax is not paid or paid less the mandate amount then, interest shall be paid @ 1 per cent simple interest per month on the defaulted amount.

10.Why do I need to file tax return if my company deducts tax at source (TDS) and pays it to the government ?

Although tax is deducted at source (TDS), and you're not liable to any more tax to the government, it is compulsory to file returns if your income exceeds the basic exemption limit. Tax returns act as a declaration to the government that you have derived income only from the source revealed by you, and no other. It's like getting a No Objection Certificate (NOC) from the library when you leave college, even if you never stepped into the library, to reveal to the authorities that you have no pending books to return.

11.What are the consequences of not filing of return or non-payment of tax ?

It is mandatory to file your income tax return if your income is above the maximum exemption limit. Non-filing of income tax return attracts penalty of Rs 5000 and interest u/s 234A, 234B, and 234C accordingly. Further, if the original return not filed within the due date then an individual cannot file a revise return u/s 139(5) of the IT act. In addition, losses such as business loss, capital loss and loss in owning and maintenance of racehorse cannot be carried forward as per section 80 of the IT act.

12.Can I use PAN to pay the TDS deducted into government account ?

No. You are required to have a separate Tax Deduction Account Number (TAN) by making an application in Form 49B with the TIN facilitation centre of NSDL.

13.What is form 26AS ?

Form 26AS, also called as Annual Statement, is a consolidated tax statement which has all tax related information (TDS, TCS, Refund etc.) associated with a PAN. It shows how much of your tax has been received by the government and is consolidated from multiple sources like your salary / pension / interest income etc. This form contains the annual tax statement under Section 203AA and Rule 31AB. This article explains Form 26AS in detail with images.

  1. Form 26AS is generated annually, for a Financial Year.
  2. Form 26AS will be generated whenever tax related transaction (TDS deducted, Advance tax paid) happens in relation to the tax payer. It is a live document which is updated as the transactions are reported / processed for the given FY.
  3. Only a registered PAN holder can view their Form 26AS on TRACES. You can view your Form 26AS in TRACES from AY 2009-10 onwards or from FY 2008-09 onwards
  4. The address reflecting in Annual Tax Statement (Form 26AS) is picked up from Income Tax Department’s PAN database with the details of latest PAN card issued to you
  5. The password for opening Form 26AS will be your Date of Birth (in DDMMYYYY format), e.g., if your date of birth is 01-Feb-1980, password will be 01021980.
14.What are the parts in 26AS ?

Details of Tax Deducted at Source (All amount values are in INR)This section will show the TDS deducted from your salary / pension income and also TDS deducted by banks on your interest income. TDS deducted by each source is shown as a separate table


Details of Tax Deducted at Source for 15G / 15H: This section will show transaction in those financial institutions such as banks where the individual has submitted Form 15G / 15H. TDS in these cases would be zero (because you have submitted 15G/15H). This section enables you to keep a track of all the interest gain which has not been taxed.


Details of Tax Collected at Source:Tax Collected at Source (TCS) is collected by the seller from the buyer at the time of sale of specified category of goods (such as Alcoholic liquor for human consumption, Scrap, Parking lot, Toll plaza). The TCS Rate vary for each category of goods and the TCS is to be deposited with the govt. SimpleTaxIndia’s India Tax collection at source and tcs provisions discusses it in detail.


Details of Tax Paid (other than TDS or TCS)If you have paid Advance Tax or Self-Assessment Tax, this will be listed here, whenever you deposit your advance tax / self-assessment tax directly to bank, the bank will upload this information around three days after the cheque has been cleared.


Details of Paid Refund If you have got any tax refunds in that assessment Year it would be listed under this section.


Details of AIR Transaction.If you make some high value transactions, such as investment in property and mutual funds, then these transactions are automatically reported to the income tax department by banks and other authorities through Annual Information Return (AIR)

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Disclaimer: This article provides an overview and general guidance, not exhaustive for brevity. Please refer Income Tax Act, GST Act, Companies Act and other tax compliance acts, Rules, and Notifications for details.